Viticultural area: Abruzzi

Associated viticultural areas Italy Italy Abruzzi Abruzzi
Abruzzi

Abruzzi

Wine-growing landscape of AbruzziIn the mountain areas, wine-growing has been proved to originate around 1300.
The most important historical sources of reference for one area include 15th century land registry deeds, 18th century uncial scripts and early 19th century Napoleonic land registers. In other areas references can be found in Aquilan Statutes from the 1300s, in the works of Razzi in the 1500s and, later on, in the “saggio itinerario nazionale pel Paese de’ Peligni” by Torcia in 1792. The presence and evolution of viticulture in this mountainous terrain are also mentioned in other ancient documents. The data show great fluctuations in the vine-growing area over the years: from a few hundred hectares in 1400, to several thousands in 1700, later decreasing gradually with a particularly sharp drop over the last two decades. Viticulture, and agriculture in general, has been linked to the demographic trends of the various towns and villages.

Facts and figures
Total vine-growing area of the Abruzzi Region  for wine grapes (ha.)

36,000

Total wine-growing area on difficult terrain

(altitude, steep slopes, terracing) (ha.)

320.5

Area with slopes > 30% (ha.)

20

Area at an altitude > 500 m above sea level (ha.)

300.5

Area terraced (ha.)

0

Maximum altitude of the vineyards (m above sea level)

Up to about 800 m.above sea level

Vineyards on difficult terrain

Areas in the mountains and foothills in the province of L’Aquila and, very marginally, in the provinces of Chieti, Pescara and Teramo

(Data updated to 2006)


Subdivision of the area

The wineries are small, in fact 70% of them cultivate less than 0.5 ha. but together they cover 50% of the area. The holdings of 25% of the wineries are between 0.5 ha and 3 ha, making up 20% of the area. Only 5% have holdings over 3 ha; these count for 30% of the area.

Wine-growing landscape

The area includes part of  the National Park of the Maiella, part of the National Park of the Gran Sasso and part (Valle Subequana) of the Velino-Sirente Regional Park.
The vineyards are generally specialized, the older ones being associated with fruit-growing (apples, pears, etc.). The vines are planted in the direction of the slope, and terracing is rarely found. Some of the vineyards are near villages, others isolated.
The rural buildings and cellars are situated in the towns and villages, while only small old shelters can be found near the  vineyards. The vineyards are usually served by tracks that are either metalled or made of beaten earth but can, in any case, be used at least by agricultural vehicles.

Main vines

White grapes:

  • Trebbiano
  • Passerina
  • Malvasia
  • Moscato
  • Chardonnay
  • Pecorino
Black grapes:

  • Montepulciano
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