Viticultural area: Rhineland Palatinate

Associated viticultural areas Germany Germany Rhineland Palatinate Rhineland Palatinate
Rhineland Palatinate

Mosel-Saar-Ruwer, Mittelrhein, Ahr, Nahe

Wine-growing landscape in MoselleThe first vines planted on the sides of the Moselle and Rhine rivers date back to the first century AD. After alternating periods of expansion and regression, around 1600 wine-growing was at its peak, with an area of 300,000 ha of vines. Today Germany’s vineyards cover a total of 100,000 ha.  The reduction in area was mainly due to spreading of diseases and parasites from America at the end of the 1800s, to migration of the winegrowers, to opening up of wine markets and to climatic changes.

Facts and figures

Total wine-growing area of Moselle, Ahr, Nahe e Mittelrhein (ha.)

Mosel: 9,000

Ahr: 530

Mittelrhein: 530

Nahe: 4,600

Total :14,660

Total wine-growing area on difficult terrain
(altitude, steep slopes, terracing) (ha.)

Mosel: 4,050

Ahr: 361

Mittelrhein: 500

Nahe: 800

Total : 5,711

Area with slope < 30% - 60%> (ha.)

Mosel: 3,150

Ahr:  280

Mittelrhein: 300

Nahe: 800

Total : 4,530

Area with slope < 60% - 100%> (ha.)

Mosel: 900

Ahr: 81

Mittelrhein: 200

Nahe: 0
Total : 1,180

Area at an altitude > 500 m s.n.m. (ha.)


Area terraced (ha.)


Maximum altitude of the vineyards  (m above sea level)


Vineyards on difficult terrain

The highest denstity, 300 ha, is recorded in the Lower Moselle area between Koblenz and Pünderich as well as along the rivers that carve their way out along the valleys

(table updated in 2007)

Subdivision of the area

Holdings of over 5 hectares cover 30.9% of the area and make up 8.5% of the wineries. Holdings from 3 to 5 ha cover 28.5% of the area and involve 16.6% of the wineries. 30.5% of the area and 37.4% of the wineries have plots between 1 and 3 ha. Below 1 ha there is 10.1% of the area occupied by 37.5% of the wineries.

Wine-growing landscape

Rhine vineyards are specialized and the wineries are situated in the villages, while the rural buildings are often abandoned.
Vines are generally grown in the direction of the slope, and near the villages the vineyards are terraced to make manual work easier.

Main vines

White grapes:

  • Riesling renano
  • Müller-Thurgau
  • Elbling
  • Kerner
  • Bacchus
  • Pinot bianco
  • Optima
  • Ortega
Black grapes:

  • Pinot nero
  • Dornfelder