Viticultural area: Trento Autonomous Province

Associated viticultural areas Italy Italy Trentino Alto Adige Trentino Alto Adige Trento Autonomous Province Trento Autonomous Province

Trento Autonomous Province

Wine-growing in the Cembra ValleyViticulture in Trentino has ancient origins. Archaelogical findings prove that vines were grown from the 4th-2nd Century B.C.. During the Roman occupation, the native population learnt new techniques for growing vines and making wine but only from the 5th century on, thanks to the work of abbeys and monasteries, did wine-growing start its expansion, which continued up to the early 19th century. The maximum expansion was achieved in Trentino between 1929 and 1942 with 25,510 and 26,676 hectares, respectively. The vineyards were both specialized and mixed. The arrival of phylloxera and the two world wars led to a period of crisis, during which much of the vine-growing area was taken over by fruit-growing and urbanization. During the last few years there has been a slight  increase in the area planted with vines.

Facts and figures

Total wine-growing area of Provincia Autonoma di Trento (ha.)

9,845

Total wine-growing area on difficult terrain
altitude, steep slopes, terracing) (ha.)

3,250

Area with slopes > 30% (ha.)

189

Area at an altitude > 500 m above sea level (ha.)

1,277

Area terraced (ha.)

2,500

Maximum altitude of the vineyards (m above sea level)

850

Vineyards on difficult terrain

The whole province excluding the valley bottom. The valley of Cembra, for example, has typical terraces.

(Data updated to 2006)

Subdivision of the area

Most of the wineries, 69.4%, are small, with less than 1 ha; making up 23.4% of the total surface. 27.4% of the wineries have holdings between 1 and 5 ha, covering 50.2% of the area. Only 3.2% of the wineries cultivate areas exceeding 5 ha; and they occupy 26.4% of the area.

Wine-growing landscape

The statistics from declarations of areas planted with wines show that they are extremely fragmented.
90% of the area is grass-covered and the type of planting depends on the ortography: in the direction of the slope on gentle inclines, reinforced embankments on medium slopes and terracing with dry stone walls on steeper slopes. The vineyards are specialized.

Main vines

White grapes:

  • Pinot grigio
  • Chardonnay
  • Müller Thurgau
  • Nosiola
  • Moscato giallo
  • Pinot bianco
  • Traminer aromatico
  • Riesling italico
  • Riesling renano
  • Sauvignon 
Black grapes:


  • Schiave
  • Enantio
  • Merlot
  • Teroldego
  • Cabernet
  • Marzemino
  • Lagrein
  • Pinot nero
  • Rebo
  • Moscato rosa